Academic Freedom

Arthurs, Harry. “Academic Freedom: When and Where?” Notes for a Panel Discussion at the Annual Conference of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Halifax, October 5, 1955.

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Finkin, Matthew F. and Robert C. Post, For the Common Good: Principles of American Academic Freedom. New York: Yale University Press, 2009.

[Although written in the American context, Finkin and Post provide the best short discussion of the four elements of academic freedom recognized in both Canada and the United States – academic freedom in teaching, in research and scholarship, intramural expression, and extramural expression.]

Green, Leslie, “Civil Disobedience and Academic Freedom.” Osgoode Hall Law Journal 41, no. 2/3 (2003): 381-405.

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Horn, Michiel, Academic Freedom in Canada: A History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press: 1999.

Post, Robert, “The Structure of Academic Freedom.” In Academic Freedom after September11, edited by Beshara Doumani, 61-106. New York: Zone Books, 2006.

Schrecker, Ellen. No Ivory Tower: McCarthyism and the Universities. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Scott, Joan W., “Academic Freedom as an Ethical Practice.” In The Future of Academic Freedom, edited by Louis Menand, 163 – 186. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Turk, James L. (ed.). Academic Freedom in Conflict: The Struggle over Speech Rights in the University. Toronto: James Lorimer & Co., 2014.

[A collection of articles on limits to academic freedom]

Turk, James L. and Allan Manson (eds.), Free Speech in Fearful Times: After 9/11 in Canada, the .U.S., Australia & Europe. Toronto: James Lorimer & Co., 2007.

[The articles in this book provide an international and historical perspective on what happens to academic freedom and freedom of expression when public fear is widespread.]

UNESCO, Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel. New York: General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 1997.

[International statement on academic freedom and academic staff rights – adopted overwhelmingly by the member countries of the United Nations] 

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